Ganesh, in the Hindu pantheon is one of the sons of Shiva and Parvati (with Skanda). It symbolizes wealth, wisdom, luck
. He is one of the most popular gods in India: before any small or vital action, we make him an offering, we honor him: he will bring us luck, guide us, remove obstacles. However, it is above all and most often revered as representing the absolute!
This statuette of Ganesh symbolizes: wisdom and opulence
One of the stories of its origin (because there are many)
Parvati, alone, longed for the long absences of Shiva: one day came to her the idea of modeling a son, to whom she gave life in the Ganges. She instructed him to keep his apartments and not let anyone in under any pretext. Shiva, returning home, found a man outside his door: furious he beheaded him with his trident. Indignant Parvati demanded from the Gods that they bring her son back to life before the end of the day: the gods decided to cut off the head of the first newborn baby found who happened to be a baby elephant!
Seated - in the half-lotus position (Virâsana) - characteristic position of the divinity having defeated the demons. A large cushion on which his elbows rest supports his back, forming a semi-circle, a sign of great material comfort and wealth. The dominant impression in this representation of Ganesh is the feeling of majesty: Ganesh radiates, he transmits a form of benevolence, of absolute peace: his position reflects total relaxation, the richness of his adornment denotes great opulence.
Its belly, center of vital energies contained by the snake which holds them, marks its anchorage and its control over emotions and thoughts. The snake is very important in India and beneficial: it is the symbol of fertility, of life (Shakti), of permanent renewal (moult) and therefore of immortality.
The left arm holds an ax and the right arm the hook to guide the elephants. His other left hand makes the gesture of protection (abhaya) and the other holds a lotus flower.
Clothing and adornments
The sacred cord, many jewels, bracelets and armbands, necklaces..., silky and draped trousers and a rich stole passed over his shoulders contribute to a proliferation of ornaments, a symbol of wealth.
His head is crowned by a tiara (Kiritamukuta) - a symbol of royalty and his forehead is adorned with the trident symbol of Shiva.
The OHM symbol is present between his two eyes.
The rat: Mushaka. Symbol of both lust and disease but also prosperity and wealth, intelligence ... The rat can represent Ganesh alone: it emphasizes the ambivalence of Ganesh that unites the opposites: big/small - half animal/half human - lively spirit in a massive body ... Doesn't his belly include the whole universe?
Attributes and weapons
The battle-ax is the symbolic weapon that triumphs over ignorance, over attachment. The hook
indicates the one who has the faculty to see, to guide.
symbolizes the maternal breast (origin of life), wisdom: knowledge that leads to awakening, purity (and thus the transformation that allows the expression of beauty in a marshy environment), peace.
Discs or wheels of fire
: symbol of light and sun which brings knowledge and the destruction of ignorance - of the mind.