Ganesh, in the Hindu pantheon is one of the sons of Shiva and Parvati (with Skanda). It symbolizes wealth, wisdom, luck
. He is one of the most popular gods in India: before any small or vital action, we make him an offering, we honor him: he will bring us luck, guide us, remove obstacles. However, it is above all and most often revered as representing the absolute!
This statuette of Ganesh symbolizes: wisdom and tranquility.
One of the stories of its origin (because there are many)
Parvati, alone, longed for the long absences of Shiva: one day came to her the idea of modeling a son, to whom she gave life in the Ganges. She instructed him to keep his apartments and not let anyone in under any pretext. Shiva, returning home, found a man outside his door: furious he beheaded him with his trident. Indignant Parvati demanded from the Gods that they bring her son back to life before the end of the day: the gods decided to cut off the head of the first newborn baby found who happened to be a baby elephant!
Sitting - in the half-lotus position (Virâsana) - characteristic position of the deity who defeated the demons. Ganesh's belly is always large: it is the center of vital energies, contained by the serpent which retains them.
The right arm with the bent elbow holds an ax and the left arm with the bent elbow holds the hook to guide the elephants. His other right hand makes the gesture of protection (abhaya) and the other holds a purse filled with gold coins.
A sacred cord, no jewelry, simple woven pants: his outfit is very sober.
His head is crowned by a tiara (Kiritamukuta), symbol of royalty and his forehead is decorated with the trident symbol of Shiva.
The rat - Mushaka - Symbol of both lust and disease but also prosperity and wealth, intelligence ... The rat can represent Ganesh on its own: it emphasizes the ambivalence of Ganesh which unites the opposites: big/small - half animal/half human - lively spirit in a massive body... Doesn't her belly include the entire universe?
Attributes and weapons
The battle axe is the symbolic weapon which triumphs over ignorance and attachment. The hook indicates who has the ability to see and guide, who leads to awakening, purity, peace.