The Bastars people
Bastar is a district of South India in the state of Chattisgarh, it was an independent kingdom from the 14 th
century until its integration into India in 1948.
The tribal population represents 70% of the population of the Bastar district: the main tribes are the Gonds - the Abhuj Maria and the Bhatras. Most have kept their tradition (culinary art, dress, parties ...) and their animist religion.
The tribes still live mainly from agriculture and resources drawn from the forest (hunting, medicinal plants, wood ...).
Some tribes have dedicated themselves to brass statuary art
for over 4000 years. This art, which is also found in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal, Bihar ... is called Dokra.
This tribal Indian art has not changed for millennia (more than 4000 years) and the technique used is always that of lost wax: a coarse clay model is made and then covered with wax by the artist who will give it its final form with its details. The whole is again covered with a clay mixture and then heated in an open hearth where a copper alloy will be poured. see Blog
Objects produced by Dokra artists can be of a usual nature: cup, candle holder ... musical instruments (brass), or artistic such as jewelry, animals: horses, elephants, turtles ..., statues of men and women representing scenes of daily life and Hindu deities adopted by the tribes: Ganesh, Lakshmi, ...
Bastar man head decorated with horns typical of the tribe of Abhuj Maria: these buffalo horns
are worn by men at parties: the dances are performed jointly with women who are also dressed in their most beautiful clothes. The hair is raised in a bun and held at the top by a jewel and feathers of forest birds.
The face is well balanced and proportioned, the ears are simply represented by an S.
A magnificent necklace with a seashell adorns this man's slender neck.
The facial features are delicate, the lines are refined to the maximum: the almost hypnotic look of man is thus at the center of expression.
The very stretched eyebrows, joining on the bridge of the nose reinforce this impression.
at the Bastars people, this statuette is always accompanied by the female bust.