The Bastars people
Bastar is a district of South India in the state of Chattisgarh, it was an independent kingdom from the 14 th
century until its integration into India in 1948.
The tribal population represents 70% of the population of the Bastar district: the main tribes are the Gonds - the Abhuj Maria and the Bhatras. Most have kept their tradition (culinary art, clothing, festivals) and their animist religion.
The tribes still live mainly from agriculture and resources drawn from the forest (hunting, medicinal plants, wood ...)
Some tribes have dedicated themselves to brass statues art
for over 4000 years. This art, which is also found in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal, Bihar ... is called Dokra.
Dokra art : a thousand-year-old knowledge in statue art
This tribal Indian art has not changed for millennia (more than 4000 years) and the technique used is always that of lost wax: a coarse clay model is made and then covered with wax by the artist who will give it its final form with its details. The whole is again covered with a clay mixture and then heated in an open hearth where a copper alloy will be poured. Visit my Blog.
Objects produced by Dokra artists can be of a usual nature: cup, candle holder ... musical instruments (brass), or artistic such as jewelry, animals: horses, elephants, turtles ..., statues of men and women representing scenes of daily life and Hindu deities adopted by the tribes: Ganesh, Lakshmi ...
This Bastar woman thanks to the simplicity of the facial features, reveals an unadorned beauty: the bun, reminiscent of the hair of the Buddha with the characteristic hairstyle made of curls of hair and the unisha at the top is preponderant: it gives verticality and gravity to the face.
The features of the face are delicate, little marked. The forehead barely appears, masked by very pronounced eyebrows.
The expression is peaceful, serene. The jewels are absent, except for a large necklace, very sober, which adorns the chest, giving an additional touch of femininity.
The artist, by choosing a minimalist expression, figures a great interior depth.