The Chola were originally installed in Tanjore (in present-day Tamil Nadu) from the 9th to the 11th century, then the capital moved to Gangaikondacholapuram, a royal city built at the time of the heyday of the Cholas under the reign of Rajendra I to celebrate the victory over the Pala of Bengal.
As early as Chandragupta II The Great, the religious and cultural foundations are established: this period is marked by a great refinement: the power in place ...
The primary function of Lakshmi is her quality of fertility: it is this that allows the manifestation to emerge, to be and to deploy. It is therefore the underlying, latent matrix.It is the foundation, the base of all things, without it, nothing can develop.
« For Hindus, the Absolute exists either in a static, unmanifested form, above all, which is called "nirguna brahman" (Brahman without any attributes), or in a dynamic form, "saguna brahman" (Brahman with qualifications) which appears to us as the Creator God, Ishvara, and manifests itself in the three forms of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva «.(Arnaud Desjardins)
It is fascinating to watch the Dokra artists at work: this technique requires a great deal of know-how (which is transmitted from generation to generation), great skill and dexterity.
Today's Hinduism is strongly impregnated with the original Vedas but its practice has greatly evolved, many currents and schools have been created. The influence of Buddhism and Jainism is not negligible.
The attributes that accompany the deities provide us with a lot of very precious information: they are there to help the disciple on his journey and serve as factors of constant reminder.
Attributes, whether they are associated with a particular god or have a general value, describe qualities, powers. Some attributes have several functions, such as the conch, which can be used both as a weapon and as a symbol.
Besides the postures and mudras and many other aspects that we find on statues, paintings ... the attributes will give us precious elements for understanding the message delivered by the Hindu deities.
In addition to the postures and mudras that give at first glance a deep meaning of Hindu or Buddhist sculpture, many other aspects will help us to understand its meaning.
Mudras or gestures involve the entire arm: elbow, hand and fingers. The general postures of the deities give at first glance a very powerful indication of the meaning of an Indian and Buddhist statue. The hand gestures will give us other precious indications and help to deepen the teaching given.
The general posture of the divinity will immediately give us valuable information about the message conveyed by the manifested form of the divine. The divinity can thus appear standing, on his two feet or balancing on one leg, or sitting, in lotus, half lotus... or even lying down. At first glance an impression is given: relaxed, combative, angry, soothing or meditative posture?
What is important in the representation of a deity in India is not the resemblance to reality but the message that is transmitted through this sacred image. Thus everything is codified, each form taken by a deity has a very precise meaning...
In India, but also among Buddhists, a statue or a sacred image (murti) before being venerated is consecrated: the consecration of a statue is intended to give it life: it is no longer just a form representing a divinity but it becomes its channel of expression, it is animated by its presence, its strength.